Homesexuality in the Old Testament

by Dave on December 20, 2013

in General

I wrote the following draft almost a year and a half ago, and cannot see getting to clean it up anytime soon.  So I thought I would publish it as it is.  Enjoy.

Note:The following is a
draft of a study I did examining the perceived prohibition in the
Bible against homosexual relations. It is not in its final form, but
since it has been 1.5 years since I wrote this draft I thought I
should get it out there now or it may never be seen.

Homosexuality in the
Old Testament

Now I believe that most of the problems concerning the plain meaning of scripture is present in the references to Leviticus. So I will deal with those directly by using the arguments put forth by Friedman and Dolansky in their wonderful book, “The Bible Now”.

Here are the passages in Leviticus that most people base their prejudice on.

You must not have sexual intercourse with a male as one has sexual intercourse with a woman; it is a detestable act.

and

If a man has sexual intercourse with a male as one has sexual intercourse with a woman, the two of them have committed an abomination.

Seems pretty clear, right? The thing that most people point to as the real force of the law is when they read the phrases at the end, “a detestable act” and “an abomination”. I have several points that I want to make about this. If this said, “is OK for other by not you”, then even conservatives might think differently about this. Please note that in no way does the OT bible say anything bad about female homosexuality.

Somehow people gloss over this. Now if the OT really thought that girl on girl was bad, don’t you think it would have said so? There is every opportunity to simply say that homosexuality is bad, but the bible goes out of its way to say male homosexuality. So for the rest of this I will just discuss male relationships, recognizing that female likely has a much lower bar.

Next, note that the bible tends to be very specific in the nature of the offense when it is laying down the law in the Old Testament. For example:

Deut 22:5 A
woman must not wear men’s clothing, nor should a man dress up in women’s clothing, for anyone who does this is offensive to the YHWH your God.

Here it is quite clear that the offense is an offense against YHWH. I can see it being set up that way because on the surface it seems that cross dressing is
probably not all that bad of a thing to do. But then again, it is inherently deceptive. So YHWH is the one offended. This certainly comes into play when applying the rule of love, is it loving to god and loving to others.

But that is not how the Leviticus laws about male homosexuality are laid out. There it is simply said that they are “a detestable act” and “an abomination”, but not to YHWH.

So what is it that makes these things bad? Both of these are from the same Hebrew word, tow`ebah. If you look at the other occurrences of tow`ebah you will see that many of the patriarchs of the bible engaged in acts that were seen as tow`ebah. Abraham marries his half sister yet Leviticus again has this act in the section of things that are tow`ebah. So the law changed. So one of the characteristics of tow`ebah that something that is tow`ebah is subject to change.

In Jeremiah, he says:

2:7 I brought you into a fertile land so you could enjoy its fruits and its rich bounty. But when you entered my land, you defiled it; you made the land I call my own tow`ebah to me.

Again, tow`ebah is not something intrinsic of the thing itself, it has more to do with the relationship between the thing and the culture. There are many places where tow`ebah is used. It is used when Joseph tells his brothers to not say they are shepherds because it is tow`ebah to the Egyptians. The Egyptians do not eat with the Israelites because it would be tow`ebah to them.

It seems that the bible treats things as tow`ebah specifically when it is a culturally based thing that is subject to change based on when and where people find themselves.

So, in reality, Leviticus is actually saying that male homosexuality (it says nothing about female) is tow`ebah for cultural reasons. NOT A SIN AGAINST GOD.

I will quote directly from Friedman and Dolansky in their book, “The Bible Now”, page #38.

So, whatever position one takes on this matter, Left or Right,
conservative or liberal, one should acknowledge that the law really
does forbid homosexual sex, between males but not between females.
And one should recognize that the biblical prohibition is not one
that is eternal and unchanging. The prohibition in the Bible applies
only so long as male homosexual acts are perceived to be offensive.
This will depend on further presentation of evidence and arguments
about whether it is inborn or not, whether is is properly regarded as
psychologically healthy or unhealthy, and whether most people in a
community are or are not in fact offended by it. Those arguments are
for specialists in biology, psychology and culture. They are beyond
our range of expertise as Bible scholars.”

I believe this is a very serious subject. There is no victim, no harm done in same sex relations and it seems that the only reason people give is because it is a sin against god. Well, IT IS NOT A SIN AGAINST GOD. God is not up there being offended every time there is a same sex act. What he did do is prohibit for Israel as a marker for them as a people.

Usage in Leviticus

In Leviticus, tow ‘ehbah is used 6 times. The first and last times are relating to male homosexuality, but the remaining 4 times are all used in the paragraph immediately following the first paragraphs describing all sexual impurity and therefore refer to the general topic of all of the things represented in that paragraph on sexual immorality.
Therefore, each of the things in that preceding paragraph can be said to be tow ‘ehbah in one form or another. Note that one of the prohibitions in that paragraph is 18:19 “‘You must not approach a woman in her menstrual impurity 28 to have sexual intercourse with her. This is clearly a law that we have not enforced and no longer consider it to be tow’ehbah.

I contend that indeed the bible does say that we should not have homosexual relations. But a detailed study of the prohibition creates an environment were it becomes obvious that we are interpreting what it does say incorrectly.

 Here are all the occurrences in the Old Testament

Book Relates to: Passage
Genesis Egyptians say this of Hebrews  Gen 43:32 They set a place for
him, a separate place for his brothers, and another for the Egyptians who
were eating with him. (The Egyptians are not able to eat with Hebrews, for
the Egyptians think it is disgusting to do so.)
Genesis Egyptians say this of Hebrews  Gen 46:34 Tell him, ‘Your
servants have taken care of cattle from our youth until now, both we and our
fathers,’ so that you may live in the land of Goshen, for everyone who takes
care of sheep is disgusting to the Egyptians.”
Exodus Egyptians say this of Hebrews  Exo 8:26 But Moses said, “That
would not be the right thing to do, for the sacrifices we make to the Lord
our God would be an abomination to the Egyptians. If we make sacrifices that
are an abomination to the Egyptians right before their eyes, will they not
stone us?
Leviticus Male Homosexuality Lev 18:22 You must not have
sexual intercourse with a male as one has sexual intercourse with a woman; it
is a detestable act.
Leviticus Male Homosexuality Lev 20:13 If a man has sexual
intercourse with a male as one has sexual intercourse with a woman, the two
of them have committed an abomination. They must be put to death; their blood
guilt is on themselves.
Leviticus Various outlawed practices Lev 18:26 You yourselves must
obey my statutes and my regulations and must not do any of these
abominations, both the native citizen and the resident foreigner in your
midst,
Leviticus Various outlawed practices Lev 18:27 for the people who
were in the land before you have done all these abominations, and the land
has become unclean.
Leviticus Various outlawed practices Lev 18:29 For if anyone does any
of these abominations, the persons who do them will be cut off from the midst
of their people.
Leviticus Various outlawed practices Lev 18:30 You must obey my
charge to not practice any of the abominable statutes that have been done
before you, so that you do not defile yourselves by them. I am the Lord your
God.’”
Deuteronomy Animals not eaten by law Deu 14:3 You must not eat any
forbidden thing.
Deuteronomy Cross dressing (male/female) Deu 22:5 A woman must not wear
men’s clothing, nor should a man dress up in women’s clothing, for anyone who
does this is offensive to the Lord your God.
Deuteronomy Dishonest units of measure Deu 25:16 For anyone who acts
dishonestly in these ways is abhorrent to the Lord your God.
Deuteronomy Foriegn religious practices Deu 12:31 You must not worship
the Lord your God the way they do! For everything that is abhorrent to him,
everything he hates, they have done when worshiping their gods. They even
burn up their sons and daughters before their gods!
Deuteronomy Foriegn religious practices Deu 13:14 You must investigate
thoroughly and inquire carefully. If it is indeed true that such a
disgraceful thing is being done among you,
Deuteronomy Foriegn religious practices Deu 17:4 When it is reported to
you and you hear about it, you must investigate carefully. If it is indeed
true that such a disgraceful thing is being done in Israel,
Deuteronomy Foriegn religious practices Deu 18:9 When you enter the land
the Lord your God is giving you, you must not learn the abhorrent practices
of those nations.
Deuteronomy Foriegn religious practices Deu 18:12 Whoever does these
things is abhorrent to the Lord and because of these detestable things the
Lord your God is about to drive them out from before you.
Deuteronomy Foriegn religious practices Deu 20:18 so that they cannot
teach you all the abhorrent ways they worship their gods, causing you to sin
against the Lord your God.
Deuteronomy Idols of other gods Deu 7:25 You must burn the
images of their gods, but do not covet the silver and gold that covers them
so much that you take it for yourself and thus become ensnared by it; for it
is abhorrent to the Lord your God.
Deuteronomy Idols of other gods Deu 7:26 You must not bring any
abhorrent thing into your house and thereby become an object of divine wrath
along with it. You must absolutely detest and abhor it, for it is an object
of divine wrath.
Deuteronomy Idols of other gods Deu 27:15 ‘Cursed is the one who
makes a carved or metal image – something abhorrent to the Lord, the work of
the craftsman – and sets it up in a secret place.’ Then all the people will
say, ‘Amen!’
Deuteronomy Idols of other gods Deu 32:16 They made him jealous
with other gods, they enraged him with abhorrent idols.
Deuteronomy Imperfect Animals Deu 17:1 You must not sacrifice
to him a bull or sheep that has a blemish or any other defect, because that
is considered offensive to the Lord your God.
Deuteronomy Money from prostitution Deu 23:18 You must never bring
the pay of a female prostitute or the wage of a male prostitute into the
temple of the Lord your God in fulfillment of any vow, for both of these are
abhorrent to the Lord your God.
Deuteronomy Remarriage (overtly said to be
ritually impure)
Deu 24:4 her first husband who
divorced her is not permitted to remarry her after she has become ritually
impure, for that is offensive to the Lord. You must not bring guilt on the
land which the Lord your God is giving you as an inheritance.
1 Kings Foriegn religious practices 1Ki 14:24 There were also male
cultic prostitutes in the land. They committed the same horrible sins as the
nations that the Lord had driven out from before the Israelites.
2 Kings Foriegn religious practices 2Ki 16:3 He followed in the
footsteps of the kings of Israel. He passed his son through the fire, a
horrible sin practiced by the nations whom the Lord drove out from before the
Israelites.
2 Kings Foriegn religious practices 2Ki 21:2 He did evil in the
sight of the Lord and committed the same horrible sins practiced by the
nations whom the Lord drove out from before the Israelites.
2 Kings Foriegn religious practices 2Ki 21:11 “King Manasseh of
Judah has committed horrible sins. He has sinned more than the Amorites
before him and has encouraged Judah to sin by worshiping his disgusting
idols.
2 Kings Foriegn religious practices 2Ki 23:13 The king ruined the
high places east of Jerusalem, south of the Mount of Destruction, that King
Solomon of Israel had built for the detestable Sidonian goddess Astarte, the
detestable Moabite god Chemosh, and the horrible Ammonite god Milcom.
2 Chronicles Foriegn religious practices 2Ch 28:3 He offered sacrifices
in the Valley of Ben-Hinnom and passed his sons through the fire, a horrible
sin practiced by the nations whom the Lord drove out before the Israelites.
2 Chronicles Foriegn religious practices 2Ch 33:2 He did evil in the
sight of the Lord and committed the same horrible sins practiced by the
nations whom the Lord drove out ahead of the Israelites.
2 Chronicles Foriegn religious practices 2Ch 36:14 All the leaders of the
priests and people became more unfaithful and committed the same horrible
sins practiced by the nations. They defiled the Lord’s temple which he had
consecrated in Jerusalem.
2 Chronicles Generalized Sin 2Ch 36:8 The rest of the events
of Jehoiakim’s reign, including the horrible sins he committed and his
shortcomings, are recorded in the Scroll of the Kings of Israel and Judah.
His son Jehoiachin replaced him as king.
2 Chronicles Idols of other gods 2Ch 34:33 Josiah removed all the
detestable idols from all the areas belonging to the Israelites and
encouraged all who were in Israel to worship the Lord their God. Throughout
the rest of his reign they did not turn aside from following the Lord God of their
ancestors.
Ezra Foriegn religious practices Ezr 9:1 Now when these things
had been completed, the leaders approached me and said, “The people of
Israel, the priests, and the Levites have not separated themselves from the
local residents who practice detestable things similar to those of the Canaanites,
the Hittites, the Perizzites, the Jebusites, the Ammonites, the Moabites, the
Egyptians, and the Amorites.
Ezra Foriegn religious practices Ezr 9:11 which you commanded us
through your servants the prophets with these words: ‘The land that you are
entering to possess is a land defiled by the impurities of the local
residents! With their abominations they have filled it from one end to the other
with their filthiness.
Ezra Foriegn religious practices Ezr 9:14 Shall we once again
break your commandments and intermarry with these abominable peoples? Would
you not be so angered by us that you would wipe us out, with no survivor or
remnant?
Psalms Distasteful person (non
specific)
Psa 88:8 You cause those who
know me to keep their distance; you make me an appalling sight to them. I am
trapped and cannot get free.
Proverbs Dishonest units of measure Pro 11:1 The Lord abhors
dishonest scales, but an accurate weight is his delight.
Proverbs Dishonest units of measure Pro 20:10 Diverse weights and
diverse measures – the Lord abhors both of them.
Proverbs Dishonest units of measure Pro 20:23 The Lord abhors
differing weights, and dishonest scales are wicked.
Proverbs Distasteful person (non
specific)
Pro 3:32 for one who goes astray
is an abomination to the Lord, but he reveals his intimate counsel to the
upright.
Proverbs Foriegn religious practices Pro 15:8 The Lord abhors the
sacrifices of the wicked, but the prayer of the upright pleases him.
Proverbs Generalized Sin Pro 6:16 There are six things
that the Lord hates, even seven things that are an abomination to him:
Proverbs People who are arrogant Pro 16:5 The Lord abhors every
arrogant person; rest assured that they will not go unpunished.
Proverbs People who are scornful Pro 24:9 A foolish scheme is
sin, and the scorner is an abomination to people.
Proverbs People who are unjust Pro 29:27 An unjust person is an
abomination to the righteous, and the one who lives an upright life is an
abomination to the wicked.
Proverbs People who judge wrongly Pro 17:15 The one who acquits
the guilty and the one who condemns the innocent – both of them are an
abomination to the Lord.
Proverbs People who like evil Pro 13:19 A desire fulfilled is
sweet to the soul, but fools abhor turning away from evil.
Proverbs People who like evil Pro 15:9 The Lord abhors the way
of the wicked, but he loves those who pursue righteousness.
Proverbs People who like evil Pro 15:26 The Lord abhors the
plans of the wicked, but pleasant words are pure.
Proverbs People who like evil Pro 16:12 Doing wickedness is an
abomination to kings, because a throne is established in righteousness.
Proverbs People who tell lies Pro 12:22 The Lord abhors a
person who lies, but those who deal truthfully are his delight.
Proverbs People who will not follow the
law
Pro 28:9 The one who turns away
his ear from hearing the law, even his prayer is an abomination.
Proverbs Peoples thoughts who hate others Pro 26:25 When he speaks
graciously, do not believe him, for there are seven abominations within him.
Proverbs Ritual acts of worship Pro 21:27 The wicked person’s
sacrifice is an abomination; how much more when he brings it with evil
intent!
Proverbs Twisted mind Pro 11:20 The Lord abhors those
who are perverse in heart, but those who are blameless in their ways are his
delight.
Proverbs Untruth Pro 8:7 For my mouth speaks
truth, and my lips hate wickedness.
Isaiah Foriegn religious practices Isa 1:13 Do not bring any more
meaningless offerings; I consider your incense detestable! You observe new
moon festivals, Sabbaths, and convocations, but I cannot tolerate sin-stained
celebrations!
Isaiah Idols of other gods Isa 44:19 No one thinks to
himself, nor do they comprehend or understand and say to themselves: ‘I
burned half of it in the fire – yes, I baked bread over the coals; I roasted
meat and ate it. With the rest of it should I make a disgusting idol? Should
I bow down to dry wood?’
Isaiah People worshiping foreign gods Isa 41:24 Look, you are nothing,
and your accomplishments are nonexistent; the one who chooses to worship you
is disgusting.
Jeremiah Foriegn religious practices Jer 7:10 Then you come and stand
in my presence in this temple I have claimed as my own and say, “We are
safe!” You think you are so safe that you go on doing all those hateful sins!
Jeremiah Foriegn religious practices Jer 44:4 I sent my servants the
prophets to you people over and over again warning you not to do this
disgusting thing I hate.
Jeremiah Foriegn religious practices Jer 44:22 Finally the Lord could
no longer endure your wicked deeds and the disgusting things you did. That is
why your land has become the desolate, uninhabited ruin that it is today.
That is why it has become a proverbial example used in curses.
Jeremiah Foriegn religious practices -
including child sacrifice
Jer 32:35 They built places of
worship for the god Baal in the Valley of Ben Hinnom so that they could
sacrifice their sons and daughters to the god Molech. Such a disgusting
practice was not something I commanded them to do! It never even entered my
mind to command them to do such a thing! So Judah is certainly liable for
punishment.’
Jeremiah Idols of other gods Jer 2:7 I brought you into a
fertile land so you could enjoy its fruits and its rich bounty. But when you
entered my land, you defiled it; you made the land I call my own loathsome to
me.
Jeremiah Idols of other gods Jer 16:18 Before I restore them
I will punish them in full for their sins and the wrongs they have done. For
they have polluted my land with the lifeless statues of their disgusting
idols. They have filled the land I have claimed as my own with their detestable
idols.”
Jeremiah People who are greedy Jer 6:15 Are they ashamed
because they have done such shameful things? No, they are not at all ashamed.
They do not even know how to blush! So they will die, just like others have
died. They will be brought to ruin when I punish them,” says the Lord.
Jeremiah People who are greedy Jer 8:12 Are they ashamed
because they have done such disgusting things? No, they are not at all
ashamed! They do not even know how to blush! So they will die just like
others have died. They will be brought to ruin when I punish them, says the
Lord.
Ezekiel Adultery Eze 22:11 One commits an
abominable act with his neighbor’s wife; another obscenely defiles his
daughter-in-law; another violates his sister – his father’s daughter – within
you.
Ezekiel Adultery Eze 33:26 You rely on your
swords and commit abominable deeds; each of you defiles his neighbor’s wife.
Will you possess the land?’
Ezekiel Foriegn religious practices Eze 7:3 The end is now upon you,
and I will release my anger against you; I will judge you according to your
behavior, I will hold you accountable for all your abominable practices.
Ezekiel Foriegn religious practices Eze 7:4 My eye will not pity
you; I will not spare you. For I will hold you responsible for your behavior,
and you will suffer the consequences of your abominable practices. Then you
will know that I am the Lord!
Ezekiel Foriegn religious practices Eze 7:8 Soon now I will pour out
my rage on you; I will fully vent my anger against you. I will judge you
according to your behavior. I will hold you accountable for all your
abominable practices.
Ezekiel Foriegn religious practices Eze 7:9 My eye will not pity
you; I will not spare you. For your behavior I will hold you accountable, and
you will suffer the consequences of your abominable practices. Then you will
know that it is I, the Lord, who is striking you.
Ezekiel Foriegn religious practices Eze 8:6 He said to me, “Son of
man, do you see what they are doing – the great abominations that the people
of Israel are practicing here, to drive me far from my sanctuary? But you
will see greater abominations than these!”
Ezekiel Foriegn religious practices Eze 8:9 He said to me, “Go in
and see the evil abominations they are practicing here.”
Ezekiel Foriegn religious practices Eze 8:13 He said to me, “You
will see them practicing even greater abominations!”
Ezekiel Foriegn religious practices Eze 8:15 He said to me, “Do you
see this, son of man? You will see even greater abominations than these!”
Ezekiel Foriegn religious practices Eze 8:17 He said to me, “Do you
see, son of man? Is it a trivial thing that the house of Judah commits these
abominations they are practicing here? For they have filled the land with
violence and provoked me to anger still further. Look, they are putting the
branch to their nose!
Ezekiel Foriegn religious practices Eze 9:4 The Lord said to him,
“Go through the city of Jerusalem and put a mark on the foreheads of the
people who moan and groan over all the abominations practiced in it.”
Ezekiel Foriegn religious practices Eze 11:18 “When they return to
it, they will remove from it all its detestable things and all its
abominations.
Ezekiel Foriegn religious practices Eze 11:21 But those whose hearts
are devoted to detestable things and abominations, I hereby repay them for
what they have done, says the sovereign Lord.”
Ezekiel Foriegn religious practices Eze 12:16 But I will let a small
number of them survive the sword, famine, and pestilence, so that they can
confess all their abominable practices to the nations where they go. Then
they will know that I am the Lord.”
Ezekiel Foriegn religious practices Eze 14:6 “Therefore say to the
house of Israel, ‘This is what the sovereign Lord says: Return! Turn from
your idols, and turn your faces away from your abominations.
Ezekiel Foriegn religious practices Eze 44:7 When you bring
foreigners, those uncircumcised in heart and in flesh, into my sanctuary, you
desecrate it – even my house – when you offer my food, the fat and the blood.
You have broken my covenant by all your abominable practices.
Ezekiel Foriegn religious practices -
including child sacrifice
Eze 16:2 “Son of man, confront
Jerusalem with her abominable practices
Ezekiel Foriegn religious practices -
including child sacrifice
Eze 16:22 And with all your
abominable practices and prostitution you did not remember the days of your
youth when you were naked and bare, kicking around in your blood.
Ezekiel Foriegn religious practices -
including child sacrifice
Eze 16:43 “‘Because you did not
remember the days of your youth and have enraged me with all these deeds, I
hereby repay you for what you have done, declares the sovereign Lord. Have
you not engaged in prostitution on top of all your other abominable practices?
Ezekiel Foriegn religious practices -
including child sacrifice
Eze 16:47 Have you not copied
their behavior and practiced their abominable deeds? In a short time you
became even more depraved in all your conduct than they were!
Ezekiel Foriegn religious practices -
including child sacrifice
Eze 16:50 They were haughty and
practiced abominable deeds before me. Therefore when I saw it I removed them.
Ezekiel Foriegn religious practices -
including child sacrifice
Eze 16:51 Samaria has not
committed half the sins you have; you have done more abominable deeds than
they did. You have made your sisters appear righteous with all the abominable
things you have done.
Ezekiel Foriegn religious practices -
including child sacrifice
Eze 16:58 You must bear your
punishment for your obscene conduct and your abominable practices, declares
the Lord.
Ezekiel Foriegn religious practices -
including child sacrifice
Eze 18:12 oppresses the poor and
the needy, commits robbery, does not give back what was given in pledge,
prays to idols, performs abominable acts,
Ezekiel Foriegn religious practices -
including child sacrifice
Eze 18:13 engages in usury and
charges interest. Will he live? He will not! Because he has done all these
abominable deeds he will certainly die. He will bear the responsibility for
his own death.
Ezekiel Foriegn religious practices -
including child sacrifice
Eze 18:24 “But if a righteous
man turns away from his righteousness and practices wrongdoing according to
all the abominable practices the wicked carry out, will he live? All his
righteous acts will not be remembered; because of the unfaithful acts he has
done and the sin he has committed, he will die.
Ezekiel Foriegn religious practices -
including child sacrifice
Eze 20:4 “Are you willing to
pronounce judgment? Are you willing to pronounce judgment, son of man? Then
confront them with the abominable practices of their fathers,
Ezekiel Foriegn religious practices -
including child sacrifice
Eze 22:2 “As for you, son of
man, are you willing to pronounce judgment, are you willing to pronounce
judgment on the bloody city? Then confront her with all her abominable deeds!
Ezekiel Foriegn religious practices -
including child sacrifice
Eze 23:36 The Lord said to me:
“Son of man, are you willing to pronounce judgment on Oholah and Oholibah?
Then declare to them their abominable deeds!
Ezekiel Foriegn religious practices -
including child sacrifice
Eze 33:29 Then they will know
that I am the Lord when I turn the land into a desolate ruin because of all
the abominable deeds they have committed.’
Ezekiel Foriegn religious practices -
including child sacrifice
Eze 36:31 Then you will remember
your evil behavior and your deeds which were not good; you will loathe
yourselves on account of your sins and your abominable deeds.
Ezekiel Foriegn religious practices -
including child sacrifice
Eze 43:8 When they placed their
threshold by my threshold and their doorpost by my doorpost, with only the
wall between me and them, they profaned my holy name by the abominable deeds
they committed. So I consumed them in my anger.
Ezekiel Foriegn religious practices -
including child sacrifice
Eze 44:6 Say to the rebellious,
to the house of Israel, ‘This is what the sovereign Lord says: Enough of all
your abominable practices, O house of Israel!
Ezekiel Foriegn religious practices -
including child sacrifice
Eze 44:13 They will not come
near me to serve me as priest, nor will they come near any of my holy things,
the things which are most sacred. They will bear the shame of the abominable
deeds they have committed.
Ezekiel Idols of other gods Eze 5:11 “Therefore, as surely
as I live, says the sovereign Lord, because you defiled my sanctuary with all
your detestable idols and with all your abominable practices, I will
withdraw; my eye will not pity you, nor will I spare you.
Ezekiel Idols of other gods Eze 6:9 Then your survivors will
remember me among the nations where they are exiled. They will realize how I
was crushed by their unfaithful heart which turned from me and by their eyes
which lusted after their idols. They will loathe themselves because of the
evil they have done and because of all their abominable practices.
Ezekiel Idols of other gods Eze 7:20 They rendered the
beauty of his ornaments into pride, and with it they made their abominable
images – their detestable idols. Therefore I will render it filthy to them.
Ezekiel Idols of other gods Eze 16:36 This is what the
sovereign Lord says: Because your lust was poured out and your nakedness was
uncovered in your prostitution with your lovers, and because of all your
detestable idols, and because of the blood of your children you have given to
them,
Ezekiel People not following the Law Eze 5:9 I will do to you what I
have never done before and will never do again because of all your abominable
practices.
Ezekiel People not following the Law Eze 6:11 “‘This is what the
sovereign Lord says: Clap your hands, stamp your feet, and say, “Ah!” because
of all the evil, abominable practices of the house of Israel, for they will
fall by the sword, famine, and pestilence.
Malachi Foriegn religious practices Mal 2:11 Judah has become
disloyal, and unspeakable sins have been committed in Israel and Jerusalem.
For Judah has profaned the holy things that the Lord loves and has turned to
a foreign god!

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